Natural resources, energy and environment
Togo's most important natural resource is
phosphate, which is used in the production of
fertilizers. Energy is imported from Nigeria in the form
of oil and natural gas. Electricity is generated in its
own hydropower plants, but Togo is dependent on
electricity imports. Forest deforestation is a major
The phosphate deposits are located in southern Togo
and are estimated to be among the largest in Africa. The
export of phosphate benefits from the proximity to the
deep-water port of the capital Lomé. Production was
pulled during the 1990s and 2000s with serious problems
such as outdated equipment and mismanagement of the
business. Another problem was that parts of the
phosphate deposits contained high levels of
environmentally hazardous cadmium, which made several
countries hesitant to buy Togolese phosphate.
Major exports by Togo with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Production fell sharply, but increased again in the
2010s after a technical upgrading of the phosphate
industry. The sector was supplemented by a plant for the
production of fertilizers, while reserves of another
type of phosphate ore (carbonated phosphate) began to be
broken. Since 2007, the state owns and controls the sole
phosphate industry, which had previously been jointly
owned by a French company.
In Togo, gold, limestone, diamonds and marble are
also mined. Small deposits are also found of iron ore,
zinc and platinum, among others. Oil and natural gas
have been found off the coast of Togo, but the deposits
have so far been too small for profitable recovery.
For its energy supply, Togo is dependent on imported
fuel. All oil is purchased from outside, mainly from
Nigeria. From there, Togo also receives natural gas
through a pipeline that also reaches Benin and Ghana.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, TG stands for Togo.
Togo, together with Benin, operates a hydroelectric
power plant in the Mono River. Together, the two
countries are building a second hydropower plant in the
same river. A third hydropower plant is located at the
town of Kpalimé. A small oil and gas-fired thermal power
plant is located in Lomé. Around 70 percent of the
electricity consumed in Togo is now generated in the
country. The remainder is imported from Ghana and to a
lesser extent from the Ivory Coast. Togo's electricity
grid is connected to the electricity networks in Benin
and Nigeria. About half of the population has access to
More than two-thirds of Togo's energy needs are
covered by wood and charcoal, which has more serious
consequences for the environment. Forest deforestation
is a major environmental problem as well as land
degradation. In recent years, the country's coasts have
also been increasingly relocated. The coastal
destruction is seen as a consequence of the port
facility in Lomé, since this has disturbed the natural
movements of sand in the area. At the same time, the
environmental situation in many Togolese cities has
improved in recent years thanks to the better handling
of the waste treatment.
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
464 kilos of oil equivalent (2014)
Electricity consumption per person
155 kWh, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
2 622 thousand tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
0.4 ton (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
71.3 percent (2015)
Togo is a member of the UN Security Council
Togo is elected to the UN Security Council for a period of two years.
President's brother convicted of coup plans
President's half brother Kpatcha Gnassingbé and two senior officers are
sentenced to 20 years in prison for planning a coup in 2009.
Minister dismissed after nursing strike
The Minister of Health is dismissed after several weeks' strike among
healthcare workers, who demand better living and working conditions.