Natural resources, energy and environment
Qatar is a prominent oil country where oil
and, to an increasing extent, natural gas together
account for a large part of the economy. The gas covers
the entire country's energy needs.
The oil is extracted from a large field in western
Qatar and from a field outside the Persian Gulf.
Offshore there are also the largest reserves. The
extraction is carried out by the Qatari government in
collaboration with foreign oil companies. In 2018,
exports of crude oil amounted to nearly 480,000 barrels
Major exports by Qatar with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Large refineries can be found in Umm Said as well as
in Ras Laffan.
At the end of 2018, Qatar announced its intention to
leave the oil-producing countries' cooperative
organization Opec; it was the first time a member
country left. Qatar was one of the smallest oil
producers in Opec and justified its exit with gas
production taking over as the country's most important
In 2008, gas passed the oil as the most economically
important product. Increasing quantities of natural gas
are exported. Qatar has become one of the world's
leading exporters of liquefied natural gas, generally
the largest. An stated goal is for annual production to
reach 110 million tonnes by 2025.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, QA stands for Qatar.
The largest customers of Qatar's energy exports are
located in Japan, South Korea, China, the EU, India and
Singapore. In recent years, the share of exports going
to Asia has grown.
Gas represents the energy for both households and
industries such as fertilizer factories, steel mills,
petrochemicals and seawater desalination plants. Qatar
suffers from a lack of fresh water and has large
desalination plants that transform seawater into
drinking water. A certain amount of fresh water can also
be taken from underground sources. In connection with
the desalination of the seawater, Qatar also uses solar
According to the World Bank, Qatar is the country
with the largest greenhouse gas emissions per capita.
Despite the hot climate, the World Cup will be held in
the country by 2022. Before the event, new arenas have
been built and both football arenas and outdoor areas
adjacent to, for example, shopping malls are cooled with
the help of air conditioning. About 60 percent of the
electricity Qatar produces goes to refrigeration plants.
A research study done at Qatar University also shows
that the Qatari leaves more plastic waste per person
than the populations of other Gulf states. Ahead of the
Soccer World Cup 2022, a goal has been set: that 15
percent of all garbage should be recycled. Efforts on a
modest scale to persuade customers to avoid disposable
packaging can be seen in some shopping centers.
FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
20,292 kilograms of oil equivalent (2014)
Electricity consumption per person
16736 kilowatt hours, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
107 854 thousand tons (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
45.4 tonnes (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
0.0 percent (2015)
Human Rights Center opens in Doha
Qatar opens a human rights center in Doha with support from the United
States. The center will work to document and develop the work for human rights
in the region.
Qatar breaks with Israel
Qatar cuts trade relations with Israel as a result of the country's offensive
in the Gaza Strip. Qatar was previously the only country on the Persian Gulf to
trade with Israel.