Natural resources and energy
Haiti is short of natural resources and
minerals. Only limestone, sand and gravel for
construction are of economic importance today.
Marble has previously been mined on a small scale as
well as bauxite. In 2012, some Canadian and American
companies did test drilling in the mountains in the
Northeast for gold, copper and silver, among others, but
most foreign investors consider the risks to be too
great with a commitment. After the 2010 earthquake,
however, large quantities of sand and stone have been
broken for the construction of housing, mainly in the
Major exports by Haiti with a full list of the top products exported by the country. Includes trade value in U.S. dollars and the percentage for each product category.
Haiti consumes very little energy and more than
two-thirds of the population have no access to
electricity. Even those connected to the electricity
grid can count on daily interruptions, so those who can
afford to use their own generators. The shortcomings of
the system and widespread poverty also mean that many
Haitians fail to pay their electricity and water bills.
About half of the electricity comes from hydropower,
the rest from oil or coal-fired power plants. The state
energy monopoly EDH has small resources, which means
that maintenance and expansion are lagging behind, while
a large part of the damage to the infrastructure caused
by the 2010 earthquake is still not repaired. Energy for
heating comes largely from wood and charcoal, but also
from oil. Photogen lamps are responsible for lighting in
In the early 1900s, Haiti was still rich in forests,
including mangrove forests on the coasts, but an
extensive harvest in the search for fuel, building
materials and arable land has left only 3–4 percent of
the original forest.
Abbreviationfinder: A popular acronym site in the world covering abbreviation for each country. For example, HT stands for Haiti.
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FACTS - ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Energy use per person
393 kilos of oil equivalent (2014)
Electricity consumption per person
39 kWh, kWh (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions in total
2 860,000 tonnes (2014)
Carbon dioxide emissions per inhabitant
0.3 ton (2014)
The share of energy from renewable sources
76.1 percent (2015)
Tens of thousands of Haitians are losing the right to be in the United
20th of November
The United States decides to abandon the temporary protection status (TPS)
that Haitians received after the 2010 earthquake disaster. TPS grants temporary
residence permits for citizens from severely crisis-hit countries. The decision
is expected to affect 59,000 Haitians who must now leave the United States in 18
Minor UN action replaces Minustah
The UN effort Minustah formally completes its mission after 13 years. Its
mission has been to restore stability in Haiti, which has not been fully
achieved. According to a previous decision, Minustah is being replaced by a new,
smaller UN operation, Minujusth, which will strengthen human rights and train
Haiti's own police force. Minujusth consists of 1,275 police officers and 350
Government-critical protests are growing
The popular protests that have been going on in Port-au-Prince since July
2017 against the government's budget for 2017/2018 are escalating. Thousands of
people now demand the departure of President Jovenel Moïse. The protesters
believe that the budget is a betrayal of the country's poor which the president
has promised improvements. It is primarily a series of tax increases that arouse
Violent protests against tax increases
Violent street protests erupt in several parts of the capital Port-au-Prince
when the government announces, in its new budget, tax increases on, for example,
cigarettes, alcohol and the issuing of new passports. The riots are the worst
since President Jovenel Moïse took office in February 2017.
The UN appeals for cholera aid
The UN again appeals for aid to help Haiti with the severe cholera epidemic.
So far, only $ 2.7 million has come in from a total of $ 400 million that was
expected. More than 800,000 Haitians have fallen ill since the cholera epidemic
broke out in 2010 and around 9,500 have died.
New government approved
Jack Guy Lafontant becomes prime minister and gets his government approved
with the 95-6 votes in the lower house. The Senate has already voted for the
government. Lafontant has pledged to fund new roads, schools and hospitals by
combating corruption, widening the tax base and cutting unnecessary spending in
the state budget.
Ex-President Préval dead
René Préval, president of two rounds, most recently until 2011, dies in a
heart attack 74 years old.
The President appoints the Prime Minister
President Jovenel Moïse assigns Jack Guy Lafontant to form government.
Lafontant is a doctor and has not previously held any political post. He is
reported to be close friends with Moïse.
President Moïse takes office
New President Jovenel Moïse swears the oath in a ceremony in the National
Assembly, while opposition supporters demonstrate outside the building.
Low turnout in municipal elections
Participation becomes low when local elections are held, and in several
places reports on voter turnout and voting lengths are reported. A seat in the
Chamber of Deputies and eight in the Senate shall also be added.
Moïse is asked in court
A judge interrogates incumbent President Jovenel Moïse on allegations of
money laundering and undue loans that the former banana exporter should have
received before entering politics. The investigation began formally in 2013, but
the judge did not do anything until four opposition senators now requested
information in the case. Moïse's main opponent in the election has still not
acknowledged his victory.
Former dome conductor seized
Former coup leader and police chief Guy Philippe, who was recently elected
senator arrested in Port-au-Prince, is arrested outside a radio studio where he
just participated in a program (see also May 2016). The former
rebel leader led the rebellion against Aristide in 2004 (see Modern History).
Since he has not been able to take up the post of senator, he does not have
prosecution immunity. Philippe is wanted in the US, suspected of drug offenses
and money laundering. He is extradited there and sentenced in June to nine years
in prison for bribery. He then acknowledges that, while holding a high-ranking
position in the police, he has received bribes to protect drug supplies to the
Moïse is declared victorious in the presidential election
The electoral court determines the preliminary results after the presidential
election in November 2016. According to the court, Jovenel Moïse received close
to 56 percent of the vote and thus won the first round of elections. According
to the court, Celestin received 19.5 percent of the votes. Moïse opponents are
still questioning the result.